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Atlantic Salmon Recovery Plan (Draft)

To help identify and guide species recovery needs, section 4(f) of the ESA directs the Secretaries to develop and implement recovery plans for listed species. A recovery plan must include (1) a description of site-specific management actions necessary to conserve the species; (2) objective, measurable criteria that, when met, will allow the species to be removed from the endangered and threatened species list; and (3) estimates of the time and funding required to achieve the plan’s goals.

Atlantic Salmon Recovery Plan Draft: View Full Document


The USFWS and NOAA (jointly, the Services) approved the initial recovery plan for the Gulf of Maine (GOM) Distinct Population Segment (DPS) of Atlantic salmon in November 2005.  The 2005 plan was developed based on populations and threats identified in the initial listing rule (65 FR 69459; December 17, 2000).  After approval of the 2005 recovery plan, significant new information led to expansion of the GOM DPS to include additional populations and a larger geographic area (June 19, 2009: 74 FR 29344).  The 2009 listing rule for the expanded DPS included a new threats analysis.  In addition, since 2005, significant research has been accomplished and important recovery activities have been undertaken.  As a result, we have a greater knowledge of the status and threats associated with GOM Atlantic salmon recovery.  This draft of the recovery plan for the GOM DPS of Atlantic salmon addresses current threats, highlights conservation accomplishments that have been undertaken since the species was listed, and specifically addresses the planning requirements of the ESA.


The following information has been excerpted from the 2009 expanded Atlantic salmon listing rule (74 FR 29344), critical habitat rule (74 FR 29300), 2005 Recovery Plan (NOAA and USFWS 2005), 2006 Status Review (Fay et al. 2006), and additional more recent sources.  For additional information, see Fay et al. (2006). 

1.  Biology

1.1  Taxonomy and Species Description

1.2  Life History and Ecology

1.3  Abundance and Distribution

1.4  Habitat Requirements

1.5  Critical Habitat

2.  Reasons for Listing and Current Threats

2.1  Reasons for Listing

2.2  Current Threats

3.  Conservation Efforts

3.1  Stakeholder Recovery Efforts

3.2  Planning and Management Efforts

4. Recovery Strategy Background Documents

4.1 Population Viability (and Analysis)

5. Recovery Activity Workplans

5.1 SHRU-level Workplans

6. Proposal Guidelines

7. Governance Structure

7. Tribal Coordination and Collaboration

8. Glossary

9. Literature Cited

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